We make you farmer in Mumbai following out of the box ideas for farming

Wednesday, 28 March 2018

Make your own kitchen garden in Mumbai

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A view of kitchen garden from the out of box farmer

Illustration 1:  A sample photographic view of kitchen garden
Image Courtesy : www.pixabay.com

Kitchen gardening at home is necessity rather than hobby


Quality of vegetables and fruits available in market is diminishing day by day. If you have become aware of that and you are thinking to start your own botanical garden, vegetable garden or kitchen garden then this article is for you. With one square meter of home kitchen garden , it is possible to produce 25 to 35 kilos of vegetables for your home consumption. It is possible to reduce cost of vegetables and fruits to bare minimum even in cities, if we adpot kitchen gardening professionally at a reasonable scale. An added advantage is that they are organic and pesticide free.

Does it has potential to grow in a small organic farm business ?


It has potential to grow in a organic farming business in a city like Mumbai because vegetables and fruits are procured here from outside. If this can be done in an organized way, the produce can be supplied regularly in organic vegetable stores and fruit stores in Mumbai. There are many retailers and online stores that sell organic farm products at a good quantity in Mumbai. 

Following is the list of some of the organic food stores in Mumbai:

  1. Conscious Foods 
  2. Magna Nutrition Center
  3. Vital Foods
  4. Nature’s Basket
  5. Jiyo Organic and Eco Farms
  6. Vibe – The Wellness Concept Store
  7. Vedanta Organics
  8. Balchandra Agro

How do we start kitchen garden to make a small organic farm business?


Types of pots used in kitchen garden from the out of box farmer

Illustration 2: Various types of kitchen pots
Image Courtesy : From Google and Internet. 
All respective brands and trademarks are acknowledged.

  • If you have got a small piece of land then prepare it by digging it up to depth of 70-75 centimeters. Remove the soil and let it dry in sunlight for 2-3 days. It will ensure that fungus and small creatures like ant will be removed from it.
  • If you want to start balcony garden or kitchen garden or terrace garden then cover an area of terrace with polythene bag and create a boundary of significant height with bricks. Make small holes in polythene so that there will not be scope for accumulation of water.
  • If you do not have land or terrace for gardening, you can very well use balcony to create a kitchen garden.
  • If you have very less space, you can create iron steel stands or you can buy them readily in the market. Various types of stands are available in the market in the range of 12 to 15000 INR.
  • You can use small square or round pots also. Using  gardening planters is necessary for balcony garden or terrace garden. You can find a list of different types of planters for gardening here. You can purchase them from the market. Earth and plastic pots are available in the nearby plant nursery. Some pots having fancy designs are also available.
  • Pots made of earth are suitable best for plants as they have property to pass air through the pots. Air circulation is very much important for good plant growth. Pots are available in 8 inch depth, 10 inch depth and 12 inch depth.

How to prepare soil for kitchen garden at home ?

Generally, pots with soil should be prepared by the end of September or from the beginning of February.

Preparing soil for kitchen garden from the out of box farmer


Illustration 3: Soil Preparation for Kitchen Gardening
Image Courtesy : www.pixabay.com


• Finding the agricultural soil is the best which is full of earth worms. Alternatively, soil
from a park or play garden can also be used.

• Soil should be mixed with cow dung, dried organic waste like wood and leaf and vermi
compost. Here is a step by step guide to prepare compost for gardening at home. Please 
remember not to use chemicals to make soil rich for gardening. Some amount sand should 
also be mixed with the soil so that while it gets dried , and it does not turn into solid stone.

• Fill the pots with soil. At least, leave 2 centimeters from top empty and it should not be
filled with soil.

• If you are using plastic pots, there should be hole in the bottom of the pots so that
water will not stay for long time in the pots. However, water will also take soil's plant
nutrient quality. In order to prevent that, bottom of the pot can be filled with small
pebbles and stones or broken glasses.

• Seeds should be put into the soil not more than 1 and half centimeters below so that
when they start growing they should be able to come out in open after germination
quickly. Also seeds should be protected from bird's eye otherwise mostly they will be
taken away by them as their food.

Note: If soil is filled with earth worms, it is very good indication of germination of seeds.
Earth worms increase soil quality. If you want to prevent soil from fungus and other
harmful insects, it can be mixed with dried neem leaves.


How to procure seeds for your kitchen garden ?


It is always better to have natural breeding seeds compared to hybrid seeds for vegetables.
They can be purchased from the neighborhood nursery or from the market. There are many
Government organizations which make seeds available at affordable prices. If you are in New
Delhi, Pusa Institute or Krishi Bhavan are good places to procure them.

In today's on-line world, you can also order seeds from the on-line portal like:


http://www.nurserylive.com/
http://www.seedbasket.in/
http://www.thespicemarket.in/
http://www.amazon.in/
http://www.flipkart.com/

Procuring ready made vegetable plants is also another option. You can also purchase ready grown plants from neighborhood nursery of onions, tomatoes, brinjals, flowers, chillies ,etc. to start with.


Which vegetables and fruits should we grow in kitchen garden ?


• You can start it by vegetables and fruits which can be simply grown like chilis, lady
finger, spinch, basils, tomatoes and brinjals. These vegetables can be grown within 45
days.

• These vegetables can be grown in small pots also and later they can be transferred to
some bigger area where bigger growth is possible. You can grow fruits like mangoes ( Mambalam ), bananas ( Pachai Valaipalam ), guava, lemon( Elumichai ) and pineapple ( Annachi Palam ) also in the pots of 70 cm by 70 cm.

• Ready-made fruit plants are also available in market or from your local nursery.


What should we grow in winter ?


Typical produce of kitchen garden


Illustration 4: Typical produce of Kitchen Garden
Image Courtesy : www.pixabay.com

Following vegetables are suitable for winter session:

• Garlic
• Leeks
• Onions
• Radishes
• Lettuce
• Peas
• Potatoes
• Chard
• Spinach
• Rhubarb
• Leafy greens such as bok choy and kale.


What should we grow in summer for kitchen garden ?

• Beans ( Avarakkai )
• Corn
• Cucumber ( Vellarikka ) 
• Eggplant
• Gourds
• Melons
• Okra
• Peppers
• Pumpkins ( Poosanikai ) 
• Southern peas
• Summer squash
• Sweet potatoes ( Sakkaravalli Kizhangu )
• Tomatoes ( Thakkali )

Other blog from author:
The out of box salesman


1 comment:

  1. Thanks for writing such wonderful info and practices

    ReplyDelete

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